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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 15, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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>> this is "bbc world news america. " the fallout from the hacking scandal continues as rebekah brooks resigned and rupert murdoch issues an apology. after years with barely a drop, some regions of kenya are paying a hefty price. >> normally, this area would be teeming with cattle and goats. as you can see, it is completely empty. >> the woman behind the creative crosswords shares tricks of the trade. ♪ >> amid a firestorm of
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controversy, rebekah brooks resigned as chief executive of news international. there are allegations of her role in the phone hacking scandal and illegal payments to police officers. she said she felt a deep responsibility to the people hurt. rupert murdoch apologized to the family of milly dowler, murdered girl whose hacked phone started the controversy. >> she is the most high-profile casualty so far in the scandal that has spread to both sides of the atlantic. for the past 10 days, rebekah brooks has been a part of the storm that has swept rupert murdoch's empire and remained by his side. today, she decided to step away. she said that recent times have been tough and i need to concentrate on correcting the distortions and rebuffing the allegations about my record as a journalist, in the church, and
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executive. -- editor, and executive. she said she felt a deep responsibility for those hurt. >> i am pleased she has accepted responsibility for what happened on her watch as editor of "news of the world." as i said when i called for her resignation 10 days ago, this is not just about one individual. it is about the culture of an organization. >> the man to replace her is already at his desk. he has been brought in from italy. james murdoch thanked ms. brooks for her service. he said we support her as we takes the step to clear her name. >> one of the more vocal critics referred to her desire to remain on the bridge.
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>> she now says she likes to be on the bridge. i would not have liked her to be on the bridge. that is why she has gone, thank god. >> this afternoon, rupert murdoch acted to underline the apology offered by his former chief executive. he traveled to meet the family who lost their daughter and are among the alleged targets of the phone hacking. the shock expressed by her parents and sister has fuelled a sense of national outrage. >> mr. murdoch emerged after an hour to a barrage of questions. his lawyer eventually gave details of the conversation. >> he was humbled to give a full and sincere apology to the dowler family. we told him, the family told him, that his papers should lead the way to set the standard of
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honesty and decency in the field. >> tomorrow, rupert murdoch's signature will appear on an apology and everyone of their papers. he says the field to themselves to account. rebekah brooks may have left the bridge. her role in this developing story and her appearance with her former employer at next week's select committee will remain -- ensure that she remains in the headlines. >> the fallout continues on both sides of the atlantic. for more on the u.s. reaction, we go now to new york. thank you for joining us. the fbi is looking into allegations. how serious could that be for news international? >> it depends on what the fbi funds.
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they are looking into the allegations. the allegation is that of the good news of the world" employees tried to obtain phone numbers and records of 9/11 victims from a private investigator who was a new york city policeman. that is the allegation. the fbi has to investigate and find out whether it was proven and whether any american privacy laws were broken. that would be the issue. i am told this will be a lengthy investigation. we should not expect anything soon. if it did result in any criminal prosecution, that would be very problematic for news corporation on this side of the atlantic. >> news corp. has a lot of operations in america. has there been a similar public backlash to the one we have seen
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in the u.k.? >> not yet. the media holdings here are quite different. there is "the new york post," "wall street journal," fox news network. there has not yet been a backlash. the question that has been asked is whether these journalistic process -- practices that were tolerated crossed lines or whether they were confined to a specific culture in britain. there is no evidence the "new york post" published stories similar to those published in "news of the world" or "the sun." it does at the least raise questions about the journalism here. >> in other news, security forces in syria have shot at
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least 20 protesters across the country. throughout the day, thousands of people staged some of the biggest protests so far against the rule of president asisad. roughly 1400 civilians have died since the uprising began in march. in egypt, thousands rallied in the two largest cities. five months after president mubarak was removed from power, they are becoming impatient with the interim military rulers. they are demanding that police officers accused of killing protesters during the uprising be put on trial. in libya, the fighting continues. the main opposition group was given a diplomatic boost today. the united states and other nations have recognized it as the governing authority in the country. the announcement came from istanbul where secretary of state hillary clinton is meeting with other members of the group. for more on the potential impact
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of the move, i am joined by our state department correspondent. how significant is the announcement? what does it mean? >> it is quite significant. it will give the transitional council a much-needed diplomatic and credibility boost beyond what they have received so far. it means they will be able to get access to money. those $30 billion of frozen assets of the libyan government, some of that money is badly needed by the libyan opposition groups. they are in charge of territories in libya and elsewhere. they need to be able to function in authorities. they need to be able to pay services, from the municipalities, and so on. the move today will allow united states and others to start and freezing the assets and give them money. but why has it taken the u.s. so long to come up with the
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wording? >> when the crisis started, no one knew who the rebels were. there was some hesitation in terms of how fast to give them legitimacy. it has been an interesting evolution in the language. it started with the united states recognizing them as a legitimate representative. then they became the legitimate representative. it is semantics but matters because it has legal implications. the united states is now recognizing them as the legitimate governing authority. you do not want to give a group like that too much legitimacy to soon. you do not want to undermine the holding of elections. >> one of the important questions is whether it will make a difference on the ground. will it give the rebels any support in libya itself? >> colonel muammar gaddafi is holding on to power in tripoli. he has firmly rejected that.
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there does not seem to be an end date or in the game in sight when it comes to the military operation. we're still seeing a stalemate on the ground. the credibility boost, the diplomatic boost the got today might help them stand their ground as long as needed. they're starting to be a lot of impatience on all sides. >> today it was announced that eurozone nations will hold a summit next week in brussels to discuss how to handle the debt crisis and provide fresh aid for greece. the decision comes on the same day that eight european banks fail stress tests. >> the financial health of european banks as come under the spotlight again. 90 of the biggest banks across the continent have been tested to see how they will cope with the stresses and strains of another recession and financial meltdown.
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the stress tests come at a difficult time for european markets. investors are already on high alert because of problems in greece, portugal, ireland, italy, and spain. the stress tests of last year were seen as too soft, especially when several irish banks collapsed after being given a clean bill of health. the new regulator has beefed up the tests to see how the banks would cope with the following. a sharp fall in the value across europe, another recession in europe, and a big drop in the value of government debt. the test did not consider the impact of a sovereign default. investors widely expect greece to default on its debt at some point in the future. against those scenarios, the banks have to show how much money or spare capital they have to withstand any losses. >> they still do not fully
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reflect what the market is saying today about the worst case for greek debt and possibly italian debt. they are better and tougher. the question is whether they are tough enough. >> eight banks have failed the test. five are from spain, two are from greece. there's also an austrian bank. they will be working with the government over the weekend on plans to strengthen their balance sheets. all four u.k. banks were given a clean bill of health. investors will be going over the details released today to run their own stress tests. they will give their verdict on monday morning when european markets open for business. >> europe is hardly alone in trying to get their financial house in order. today president obama said that time was running out to reach a deal on cutting deficits and raising the debt ceiling. he stressed the consequences for
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all americans if an agreement is not reached before the august 2 deadline. >> congress has run up the credit card. we now have an obligation to pay our bills. if we do not, we could have a whole set of adverse consequences. we could end up with the situation where interest rates rise for everyone throughout the country. it would effectively be a tax increase on everybody. >> i am joined by the washington correspondent for "time" magazine. it it seems never mind how to solve the problem. they cannot even agree on what the consequences of a default might be. some republicans say the democrats are exaggerated. >> a thing 95% of people in america understand it is a bad thing to default on your debt. it is not just future debt.
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these are things we have already bought. we have used this money. we're now paying it off. it is like paying your credit card bill. not doing that is bad. every american understands that. the s&p is morning on a daily basis -- warning on a daily basis that they will downgrade the bond rating status. that is a very serious thing. >> the financial markets are very worried. they do not think the two sides will reach an agreement. do you think they can? >> until yesterday, i was worried about it. i have been covering this for a few months. they have been at an impasse. it is like they have been speaking different languages to each other. democrats talk about spending cuts. republicans talk about taxes. yesterday they have the beginning of some sort of
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compromise in the senate that will ultimately become the kernal of what happens in there will be able to extend it. >> who are americans planning for the crisis? >> it is hard to say. i think you will see more as this plays out that people are not paying attention to the yet, but as the market starts to panic next week, they will be paying more attention. that is when you will see who they blame. so far, they had not paid much attention to the issue. >> the rest of europe is adopting austerity measures to combat their own debt crisis. why can american not do the same? >> is a great question. the easiest thing in the world is to give away money. america is great at that. they have not been able to stop that and cut back. it is tough to cut back
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services, especially when people are really needy with the economy. you worry about winning reelection. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, without water, kinney is vulnerable. the world is being asked to help. queen elizabeth has paid tribute to the code breakers from world war ii to crack the german enigma code. >> there were some of the darkest days of the war when britain's survival was in the bounce. out in the atlantic, the shipping convoys bringing the essential supplies, the food without which the population would starve, the munitions without which the war effort would collapse were being
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attacked by german submarines. nazi germany was in danger of winning. britain desperately needed a break through to survive. it happened here in a secluded countryside north of london. this is what is the park -- blog park.letchley it was here that britain broke the code to the german military. the country's most brilliant mathematicians and linguists were brought together to tackle the intercepted messages supposedly impenetrable machine known as enigma. to help break the codes, the british built colossus. this is a replica. it is generally considered to be the world's first computer. coves that had taken six days to correct by hand could now be broken in a matter of hours.
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>> we would have lost the war. is that important. >> 70 years after the code breakers worked in total secrecy, their work that is said to a shortened the war by two years, received the recognition and gratitude of the nation. [applause] > ♪ >> it is a drop that threatens 10 million people. the international community is being asked to help. a huge fund-raising appeal is under way for the victims of the worst drought in east africa in six decades. they are waging a deadly fight against famine and disease. having been in the refugee camps, our correspondent has been traveling through some of the worst-affected areas in northeastern kenya. he sent this report. >> this is northeastern kenya,
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one of the poorest parts of the country. the landscape is parched. the lives of the people are blighted by drought. in one hospital, we found this three-month old. she weighs barely more than a bag of sugar, less than half of the week of a healthy newborn child. her mother nursed mother. -- her malnourished mother. she told me her daughter is alive but she worries about when she has to take her home because they have so little. in the bed opposite, another mother consumed by malnutrition. she gave birth just before we arrived at the hospital. she is grieving. her son was buried an hour ago. she clings to life. she is a source of pride and worry for her father.
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later, he took us to his village and explained how the drought had wrecked their lives. >> all of our animals are dead. there is no grazing pasture because there is no rain. we have nothing. >> the short walk away, rocking animal carcasses bake in the sun. this village is typical of many communities in this part of rural northeastern kenya. they rely on livestock for every thing. if the animals are sold, income. normally this area would be teeming with cattle and goats. as you can see, it is completely empty. dusty roads twist through a land that has not seen rain in close to three years. we found an outreach clinic in one village. they are hot, tired, and
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underfed. >> is severely malnourished. >> with the right food supplements, he and others can survive. >> already the generosity of the british public means we're saving children's lives. we can also address the underlying causes. we can help the community rebuild their lives, restock animals. we can make sure they managed to harvest the water and rebuild the reservoirs' when the rain comes. >> this baby was. it just 20 days old. the sticks are to stop the hyenas from digging up the body. it is not too late to help others if the world acts together. >> a woman has spent her career stumping us all. you may not know her name, but if you do cross words, if you have probably picked up on the
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proposals. she has been lining of the clues for decades. she has now decided it is time to put her dictionary on the shelf. she talks about what it takes to make a career in crosswords. >> i got it. ok. i am moira jacobson. i am a cruciverbalist. that is someone who makes up crossword puzzles. that comes from a crucifix and naming words. i have decided i will send a puzzle to "the times." it is very showy of me. the lady there gave me the real
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start of crosswords in this country. she was really helpful. she gave me some hints on where i went wrong and how i should proceed. her successor started publishing my puzzle in the "sunday times." win two magazines wanted a crossword puzzle, this gentleman suggested may. -- me. when the magazine was taken over in 1980, that was my last job. you have to have two of every length word. the puzzle must be symmetrical. that is the hardest part of starting a puzzle. it is really hard to make a proposal reposal.
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it has given me satisfaction. it has taught me a great deal. -- it is really hard to make a puzzle. some of them are silly. the ones that are really interesting have given me a different slant on language. i feel i have gained something there. i have learned. >> she is speaking about her decades of teasing us with her crossword puzzles. the retired couple from scotland are the winners of a massive european lottery. their price is 185 million euros. that is the equivalent of $260 million.
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it is officially the biggest ever jackpot in your. they are among the 500 richest people in britain. he says they were tickled pink. in the last few minutes, it has been announced that the ceo of dow jones is resigning. the story was first reported in the "wall street journal. " it comes on the same day that rebekah brooks resigned. rupert murdoch also issued an apology to the family of milly dowler the murdered girl whose hacked phone started the crisis. you can read more about that story and the rest of the news on our website a. make sure to check out our facebook page. thank you for watching. have a good weekend. ♪
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses
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to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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